Tendonitis — also called tendinitis — is a medical condition that describes swelling, inflammation and irritation of a tendon. Tendons are the fibrous, corded tissues that attach muscle to bone and aid in muscle movement. When tendons become inflamed, you may experience pain, stiffness, weakness and difficulty moving the affected area.
Keep reading to learn more about the common types and symptoms of tendonitis.
Achilles tendonitis affects the achilles tendon that connects the calf muscle to the heel on the back of the leg. When this tendon becomes inflamed, you may experience pain, swelling and stiffness in the back of the leg that worsens after a lot of activity.
- A sudden increase in exercise intensity
- Sports and exercises that involve a lot of running and/or jumping
- Poorly fitted shoes
- An inflammatory disease like gout or rheumatoid arthritis
Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
Tennis elbow affects the tendons that connect the forearm to the bone on the outside of the elbow. When these tendons become inflamed, you may experience pain that runs from the outside of the elbow down the forearm and wrist. Tennis elbow can also cause weakness and stiffness that makes it difficult to pick up, grip, or hold objects without pain.
- Activities with repetitive twisting motions of the wrist and arm
- Playing tennis and other racket sports
Golfer’s Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)
Tennis elbow affects the tendons that connect the forearm to the bone on the inside of the elbow. When these tendons become inflamed, you may experience pain that radiates from the inner elbow to the inner forearm and wrist. Other symptoms include stiffness, weakness, and increased pain during grasping or gripping motions.
- Occupations that require repetitive elbow movements
- Playing sports like golf, football and baseball
Jumper’s Knee (Patellar Tendonitis)
Jumper’s knee affects the patellar tendon that connects the kneecap to the shin bone. When this tendon becomes inflamed, you may experience pain and tenderness around the kneecap that worsens with activities like walking, running and jumping. Jumper’s knee can also cause stiffness that makes it difficult to fully bend or straighten the leg.
- Sports or exercises with frequent jumping on hard surfaces (running, basketball)
Rotator Cuff Tendonitis
Rotator cuff tendonitis affects the group of four tendons that connect the upper arm bone to the shoulder socket. When these tendons become inflamed, you may experience shoulder pain, swelling, stiffness, and weakness that worsens during lifting movements. Rotator cuff tendonitis can sometimes limit your ability to sleep on the affected shoulder without pain.
- Occupations that require a lot of overhead motions (construction, painting, carpentry)
- Sports that require a lot of overhead motions (baseball, swimming, tennis, rowing)
De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis
De Quervain’s tenosynovitis affects the sheath that surrounds tendons in the thumb. When the tendon sheath becomes swollen and inflamed, you may experience pain and swelling at the base of the thumb that worsens with grasping, pinching, or wrist-twisting motions. De Quervain’s tenosynovitis can also cause pain that spreads into the thumb or up the forearm.
- Activities with repetitive hand or wrist motions (writing, typing)
- Inflammatory disease like rheumatoid arthritis
Trigger finger affects the tendon sheath surrounding tendons in the affected finger. The condition can develop in any finger of the hand, but most commonly occurs in the thumb. When the tendon sheath becomes swollen and inflamed, you may experience finger pain and stiffness, and a popping or cracking sound when you move the finger. Trigger finger can cause the affected finger to become caught or locked in a bent position.
- Activities with repetitive hand and gripping motions
How Is Tendonitis Treated?
Tendonitis is treated with a combination of self-care and non-surgical measures. At home, you should practice R.I.C.E. — rest, ice, compression, elevation — if you start experiencing symptoms of tendonitis. If pain and stiffness continue after a few days of self-care, see your doctor for further care.
Your doctor may prescribe:
- Pain-relieving medications
- A short-term splint, brace or wrap
- Steroid injections
- Physical therapy
If non-surgical treatments aren’t effective, or if the damaged tendon ruptures, you may need surgical treatment.
Integrity Spine and Orthopedics Treats Soft Tissue and Sports Injuries
At Integrity Spine and Orthopedics, we offer top-notch spine and orthopedic care for a range of acute and chronic conditions. We’ll help you get the treatment you need to get back on your feet and back to doing the activities you love.
Call us today or reach out online to schedule your first appointment in our Jacksonville, FL clinic.
Bone fracture repair is a natural process — the human body has an incredible ability to regrow new bone after a break. However, fractures must be placed in the optimal environment to ensure a proper and complete healing. Fracture treatment depends on the location, severity and type of fracture you sustain. Some fractures can … Continued
A bulging disc is a common, age-related spine injury. The spine is made up of stacked vertebrae with spinal discs sitting between each one. The tough discs provide cushioning, support, and shock absorption and movement to the vertebrae. Each disc is made up of an outer ring (annulus fibrosus) and inner, jelly-like core (nucleus pulposus). … Continued
Here’s the scene: you were involved in a car accident recently. It was scary, and you felt a little shaken up afterward, but you walked away from the scene unharmed and feeling fine. That’s great, right? Since you’re not in any pain, you must not have sustained any injuries. Unfortunately, that’s not always the … Continued
Let’s be honest: a medical condition with the term “spur” in the name sounds painful right off the bat. Bone spurs (also called osteophytes) are overgrowths of bone that form along bone edges — usually around joints. Bone spur development is an immune system response. When your body detects an area of damage or … Continued